Last updated on: 3/17/2011 | Author: ProCon.org

Joseph Ratzinger, DTh Biography

Title:
265th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Church
Position:
Con to the question "Should Gay Marriage Be Legal?"
Reasoning:

“God has willed to give the union of man and woman a special participation in his work of creation. Thus, he blessed the man and the woman with the words ‘Be fruitful and multiply’ (Gen 1:28). Therefore, in the Creator’s plan, sexual complementarity and fruitfulness belong to the very nature of marriage.

Furthermore, the marital union of man and woman has been elevated by Christ to the dignity of a sacrament. The Church teaches that Christian marriage is an efficacious sign of the covenant between Christ and the Church (cf. Eph 5:32). This Christian meaning of marriage, far from diminishing the profoundly human value of the marital union between man and woman, confirms and strengthens it (cf. Mt 19:3-12; Mk 10:6-9)…

There are absolutely no grounds for considering homosexual unions to be in any way similar or even remotely analogous to God’s plan for marriage and family. Marriage is holy, while homosexual acts go against the natural moral law. Homosexual acts ‘close the sexual act to the gift of life. They do not proceed from a genuine affective and sexual complementarity. Under no circumstances can they be approved.’

Sacred Scripture condemns homosexual acts ‘as a serious depravity…'”

“Considerations Regarding Proposals to Give Legal Recognition to Unions Between Homosexual Persons,” vatican.va, July, 3, 2003

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Rome, and head of state of Vatican City, 2005-present
  • Honorary Academic, Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2000-present
  • Dean, College of Cardinals, 2002-2005
  • Received honorary doctorates from: University of Wroclaw (2000), Libera Universita Maria Santissima Assunta (1999), University of Navarre (1998), Catholic University of Lublin (1988), Catholic University of Eichstatt (1987), Catholic University of Lima (1986), and College of St. Thomas (1984)
  • Vice Dean, College of Cardinals, 1998-2002
  • Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni, 1993-2005
  • President, Preparatory Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1986-1992
  • Prefect, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1981
  • Cardinal and Archbishop of Munich and Freising (Germany), 1977–1982
  • Professor, Theology, Univerisity of Tübingen, 1966-1969
  • Professor, Theology, University of Münster, 1963-1966
  • Theological Advisor to Cardinal Joseph Frings, Archbishop of Cologne, 1962-1965
  • Professor, Theology, University of Bonn, 1959-1963
  • Professor, Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Freising, 1952-1959
  • Ordained into the priesthood, 1951
Education:
  • DTh, Theology, University of Munich, 1953
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Philosophy and Theology of Freising, 1946-1951
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, University of Munich, 1946-1951
Other:
  • Born Joseph Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Germany on Apr. 16, 1927
Quoted in:
Pro & Con Quotes: Should Gay Marriage Be Legal?